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ECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT

Glenside brings together the skills and resources required to conduct a variety of different project types, utilizing a diverse array of field techniques. For specific projects, we are also able to draw upon the expertise of a network of professional associates. The following is an itemized list of some of the services that Glenside provides and techniques that have been utilized in past contracts.

Habitat Classification

Glenside personnel are Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) certified in evaluating terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Specifically:

  • Ecological Land Classification (OMNR certified.), central Ontario Forest Ecosystem classification (OMNR certified.), Ontario Ecosite Classification;
  • Vegetation and soil type identification;
  • Wetland evaluations for provincial or regional significance using the Ontario Wetland Evaluation System (OMNR certified);
  • Stream and lake fish habitat assessments (OMNR certified);
  • Benthic macroinvertebrate community sampling, thermal stability;
  • Forest wildlife habitat and application of Habitat Suitability matrix.
Population Censuses

Glenside conducts inventories to determine species richness, distribution, presence/not detected, relative abundance or absolute abundance of wildlife species.  Some techniques commonly utilized include:

  • Species at Risk Inventory;
  • Small mammal live trapping;
  • Songbird point counts and spot mapping;
  • Track, scat and sign identification;
  • Area sweeps, cruise and aerial surveys;
  • Nest searching;
  • Locations by call playback;
  • Amphibian call identification.
Wildlife Capture and Handling

For many research projects it is often necessary to capture and immobilize wildlife species for marking purposes.  Glenside offers expertise in the following techniques:

  • Small and large mammal live trapping
  • Tangle netting (phocid seals, sea otters, turtles, waterfowl) and decoy trapping (waterfowl)
  • Immobilization and tranquilization
  • VHF transmitter implanting and collaring, satellite tagging
  • Banding, ear tagging, flipper tagging
Field Physiology and Sampling

Field physiology provides valuable insight into the ecology of our natural environment.  Some of the investigative techniques utilized by Glenside include:

  • Blood sampling, tissue sampling and biopsies
  • Otolith sampling and identification, tooth collection for age estimation by cementum analysis;
  • Morphometric measurements, necropsy reports;
  • Scat and stomach content analyses 
Animal Behaviour

Glenside has conducted the following animal behaviour studies:

  • Individual habitat use patterns, using radio telemetry and tracking
  • Activity budgets, using focal animal observations, scan sampling, etc.
  • Foraging behaviour, dietary composition
  • Parental investment, reproductive behaviour
  • Mating systems, social behaviour
Demographics
  • Age distributions, sex ratios, life-table analyses, population models
  • Mortality and survivorship analysis, reproduction and fecundity
   
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